UK reaches a new coal-free record amidst Coronavirus lockdown
7th May 2020
Despite the challenging times we all find ourselves in across the UK right now, there is some positive news. On 28 April, Great Britain hit a new coal-free electricity record, and we’re still counting.
At the time of writing, Drax Electric Insights shows that the coal-free energy generation run sits at 27 days and 8 hours, beating the previous record of just under 19 days set in June 2019.
Coronavirus impact on energy demand and generation
As coronavirus lockdown was implemented across the country in late March, energy demand and generation has since seen significant changes. With many businesses forced to shut down, energy demand across the UK is 18% lower than this time last year according to Carbon Brief.
The pattern of demand has changed, too. With less structured daily routines, the typical morning electricity peak has flattened, with everyday energy use looking more like a Sunday or bank holiday.
But a reduction in energy demand isn’t the only reason for this new coal-free record. A sunnier April than normal and therefore an increase in solar energy generation also plays a role. On 20 April, a new solar power record was set, with solar farms generating more than 9.6GW of electricity for the first time.
With Drax’ last Electric Insights report focusing on the extreme and rapid shift in the generation mix over the last decade, these new records are an exciting sign of what’s to come.
What that means for air pollution
Coronavirus and the resulting coal-free record has had a positive knock-on effect for air pollution. Since lockdown begun, air pollution levels have dropped due to travel bans, reduced flights and less industry activity, with Carbon Brief expecting the coronavirus pandemic to cause the largest ever fall in CO2 emissions.
Globally, the International Energy Agency (IEA) expects CO2 emissions to fall by 8% this year, while at a more local level, analysis by the University of York highlighted that pollution levels have dropped by more than 40% in a number of UK cities during this time. Data from the BBC show daily records of air quality readings since lockdown was announced on 23 March. London and Oxford are among the cities that have seen the greatest drop in pollution, with nitrogen oxide levels down more than 50% compared to last year.
Looking towards the future
The pandemic is a challenge that’s impacted all of us, and our short-term goals have pivoted overnight. But these positive figures are a reminder of the message of carbon reduction, and that a net zero future is still of vital importance.
With 2025 set to see the end of coal generation in the UK, and companies like Drax moving towards carbon negative ambitions ahead of this deadline, it’s important that records continue to be broken when we’re able to look beyond the lockdown.
As coal phases out for good, solutions must be found for intermittent renewable sources like solar and wind energy which can lead to instability on the grid. Alternative renewable sources such as biomass, and new and developing technologies like carbon capture storage, will form a key part of the UK’s energy future.
For business, there are still many uncertainties. Emissions reductions are likely to result in positive year-on-year carbon reporting results, but it’s important that companies continue to maintain improved performance levels and not foster complacency if targets are met early. Businesses that are more insulated from market signals, notably those with renewable energy projects, are likely to emerge from this in the best position, according to the IEA.
In 2019, at Haven Power HQ in Ipswich, we installed 500 square meters of solar panels on our rooftop, alongside four EV chargers and battery storage in a demonstration of sustainable self-reliance. Our energy use didn’t change during March and April’s lockdown, thanks to our IT servers working even harder to enable our team members to work from home, but we were able to generate over 8500 kWh of this energy demand from our solar panels.
Carbon reduction doesn’t have to be as big a project as self-generation, however - there are many other ways to get your business on the path to carbon neutral.
Looking towards future working life, the worldwide experiment of homeworking that this pandemic has thrown upon us could support a lower carbon future. There’s a good chance that working life as we know it has changed forever. With reduced operating costs and carbon reduction for businesses as a result of changed working practices, continuing this beyond lockdown could be a favourable option for many– something that only time will tell.
While normality seems a long while away, or perhaps has entirely changed as we know it, there’s one core message that hasn’t: net zero carbon emissions remains a key part of all business strategies.
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